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Opinions

The District of Utah offers a database of opinions for the years 1979 to Current, listed by year and judge. For a more detailed search, enter the keyword or case number in the search box above.

Opinion Archive

Click here to view the Court's Opinions in reverse Chronological order.


Title: In re Career Concepts, Inc., 76 B.R. 830 (Bankr.D.Utah) | Date: Mar-30-1983 | Status: PUBLISHED See 86.pdf (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 81C-1939

The court denied all compensation sought by attorneys acting as counsel for corporate chapter 11 debtor-in-possession under 11 U.S.C. § 327(a), based on fact that attorneys were not disinterested. As the father and brother of debtor's principal officer, attorneys were relatives, insiders, and interested parties, and could not be disinterested, as is required. Attorneys' assertion that they relied on the court's appointment of them was rejected on the ground that it was their duty to acquaint themselves of the legal requirements for representation of debtors, and it was not up to the court to discover their relationship with a corporate employee. Nonetheless, there is no disinterest requirement for attorneys representing chapter 7 debtors, and attorneys would be allowed to submit applications for services they rendered after conversion of debtor's case to chapter 7, which application would be subject to all requirements of law.


Title: Gen. Elec. Mtg. Corp. v. S. Vill., Inc. (In re S. Vill., Inc.) | Date: Mar-29-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 82PC-0127

A state court action seeking foreclosure of debtor's property was removed to the bankruptcy court, and defendant subcontractor moved for summary judgment on its cross-claim against defendant contractor. The issue before the court was whether a payment provision in the contractor/subcontractor contract was a condition precedent to subcontractor's payment. The court held that the provision, which indicated that subcontractor would be paid 10 days after owner paid contractor, was not a condition, and that subcontractor had not agreed to assume the risk of owner's non-payment. In the event of owner's non-payment, contractor was obliged to pay subcontractor "within a reasonable time." The court rejected contractor's argument that a reasonable time was the time necessary for it to exhaust its remedies against owner.


Title: In re Utah Agricorp, Inc. | Date: Mar-10-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 79C-0037

In a case filed under the Bankruptcy Act, the court ruled that the state of Delaware could not file an untimely proof of claim, even though it had not been listed in debtor's schedules and had not received notice of the bankruptcy. In so ruling, the court followed the holding of In re Universal Trade Corp, No. 79-2148 (10th Cir. Nov. 17, 1980), that the deadline under the Act was a statute of limitations that courts had no equitable discretion to extend.


Title: In re L.W. Gardner Co. | Date: Mar-8-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 80C-2316

The court dismissed an order to show cause obtained by creditor against debtor's principal, concluding that principal's imprudent handling of a check issued to him in exchange for cattle, which constituted proceeds subject to creditor's lien, did not justify imposition of contempt.


Title: In re Midwest Serv. & Supply Co. | Date: Mar-8-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 82M-0329

In 57.pdf, the court previously granted government's motion for new trial, solely to consider additional legal arguments on a contempt order. Following a flurry of filings, including debtor's own motion for new trial, which were complicated by conversion of debtor's case to chapter 7, the court again ruled that the government violated the automatic stay when, in order to recoup a previous overpayment of debtor, it reduced payments that it owed to debtor. Debtor was awarded $2,000 in attorney fees. This decision was reversed on appeal in 44 B.R. 262 (D. Utah 1983).


Title: Color Craft Press, Ltd. v. Nationwide Shopper Sys., Inc (In re Color Craft Press, Ltd.) | Date: Feb-22-1983 | Status: APPEAL 27 B.R. 962 (D.Utah) See 66.pdf and 67.pdf (U.S. District Court, Utah) | Case(s): 82PM-0974

On appeal from the bankruptcy court's dismissal orders in 66.pdf and 67.pdf, the district court ruled that N. Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50 (1982) did not invalidate district court jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases, and that the district court could, by its emergency rule of December 24, 1982, continue using the bankruptcy court system to assist in the exercise of that jurisdiction. Specifically, the district court held that the Supreme Court's invalidation of bankruptcy court jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. § 1471(c) did not invalidate district court jurisdiction over bankruptcy matters under § 1471(a), as those provisions are severable and, in addition, the Marathon decision did not in any way indicate that district court jurisdiction was affected.


Title: Gillman v. Preston Family Inv. Co. (In re Richardson), 27 B.R. 407 (Bankr.D.Utah) | Date: Feb-7-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED See 67a.pdf (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 82PC-0746

In this case, as in Color Craft [66.pdf], the bankruptcy court dismissed an action arising under the Bankruptcy Code, based on its conclusion that the Supreme Court's Marathon decision eliminated any jurisdiction the court had over the matter. This decision was vacated in 27 B.R. 962 (D. Utah 1983) [67a.pdf].


Title: Color Craft Press, Ltd. v. Nationwide Shopper Sys., Inc (In re Color Craft Press, Ltd.), 27 B.R. 392 (Bankr.D.Utah) | Date: Feb-7-1983 | Status: PUBLISHED See 67a.pdf (Judge Mabey) | Case(s): 82PM-0974

The bankruptcy court held that it was without jurisdiction over chapter 11 debtor's breach of contract proceeding, and granted defendant's motion to dismiss. The court based its decision on non-severability of 28 U.S.C. § 1471, concluding that, when that portion of the statute that granted jurisdiction to the bankruptcy courts had been declared unconstitutional in N. Pipeline Constr. Co. v. Marathon Pipe Line Co., 458 U.S. 50 (1982), the entire statute failed, including the jurisdictional grant to the district courts over bankruptcy matters, and no other jurisdictional basis existed. The court stayed its dismissal of the case, and certified its decision to the district court for review. The district court vacated the bankruptcy court's decision in 27 B.R. 962 (D. Utah 1983) [67a.pdf].


Title: In re Bekins Bar-V Ranch Corp. | Date: Jan-13-1983 | Status: UNPUBLISHED (Judge Clark) | Case(s): 80C-1019

Law firm's fee application was approved, as modified by the court, over an objection. The court rejected creditor's claim that services relating to two lawsuits filed by law firm on behalf of debtor should not be paid, finding that both suits had been brought to vindicate good faith claims by the debtor, and that an award of fees did not depend on the success or failure of those claims.


Title: Gen. Elec. Mortg. Corp. v. S. Vill., Inc. (In re S. Vill., Inc.), 25 B.R. 987 (Bankr.D.Utah) | Date: Dec-30-1982 | Status: PUBLISHED (Judge Mabey) | Case(s): 82PM-0200

Mortgage company that held lien on debtor's shopping mall sought relief from stay "for cause" under 11 U.S.C. § 362(d)(1), alleging lack of adequate protection of the value of its interest in the property. The property, which was worth slightly less than creditor's lien, was not appreciating enough to cover the interest provided under the parties' agreement. Creditor asserted that the stay imposed an "opportunity cost" on it equal to the amount it would earn on its money if it was allowed to foreclose and reinvest, and that amount would exceed the interest under its current contract. Thus, creditor asserted that it was losing the "use value of its money." The court concluded that Congress did not leave creditors without remedies for attrition in values, and had included several provisions that were tailored to solve problems caused by delay, which provisions complement the adequate protection requirement. Therefore, creditor was not entitled to interest as compensation for the opportunity cost of the stay in order to be adequately protected.

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